The Massachusetts state flag consists of a white background with the state coat of arms centered on a dark blue field. An Indian dressed in his shirt and moccasins, holds in his right hand a bow, and in his left hand an arrow, pointed downward, signifying peace. In the upper corner above his right arm, is a silver star with five points which signifies the admission of Massachusetts as the sixth U.S. state. The crest is a wreath of blue and gold, on which is a right arm, bent at the elbow, and clothed and ruffled, the hand grasping a broadsword with blade up. A blue ribbon wraps partially around the shield and contains the state motto - "Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem." ("By the Sword We Seek Peace, But Peace Only Under Liberty")
Massachusetts flags for outdoor use are constructed of a durable nylon fabric especially developed for flag use. Nylon's tight weave provides maximum beauty and flyability as well as brilliant, fast colors. Its weave helps shed pollution, dirt and grime that the looser weave alternatives absorb. Nylon is water repellent and mildew resistant.