The West Virginia state flag consists of a white background with a blue border on which the state coat of arms is centered. At the top of the coast of arms, a red ribbon contains the words "State of West Virginia". The date of the state's admission to the union, June 20, 1863, is etched into a large stone. Another ribbon bears the state motto "Montani Semper Liberi" ("mountaineers are always free"). A Phrygian cap, signifying freedom and the pursuit of liberty, lies on two crossed riffles. A wreath of Rhododendron, the state flower, circles the lower part of the seal. The flag was adopted in 1929.
West Virginia flags for outdoor use are constructed of a durable nylon fabric especially developed for flag use. Nylon's tight weave provides maximum beauty and flyability as well as brilliant, fast colors. Its weave helps shed pollution, dirt and grime that the looser weave alternatives absorb. Nylon is water repellent and mildew resistant.